杂项收藏—石陨石

来源:苏州之窗 发表时间:2020-6-17 15:49:27

石陨石是最常见的一种陨石,也是坠落最多的一类陨石。石陨石主要或全部由硅酸盐矿物、特别是铁镁硅酸盐组成的陨石的总称,同时含有少量的镍铁合金及硫铁化物。根据岩石结构有无球粒存在,石陨石又分为球粒陨石和非球粒陨石两大类。

英文翻译:

Meteorites are the most common type of meteorites and the most falling type of meteorites. Stone meteorite is a general term for meteorites composed mainly or entirely of silicate minerals, especially iron-magnesium silicate, and also contains a small amount of nickel-iron alloy and ferroferride. According to the presence or absence of chondrites in the rock structure, stony meteorite is divided into two categories: chondrite and non-chondrite.

中国是世界上最早记录陨石的国家,《春秋》记:“(鲁僖公)十有六年,春,王正月戊申朔,陨石于宋五。”而宋代沈括《梦溪笔谈》载录一零六四年的常州陨石:“治平元年,常州日禺时,天有大声如雷,乃一大星,几如月,见于东南。少时而又震一声,移着西南。又一震而坠在宜兴县民许氏园中,远近皆见,火光赫然照天,许氏藩篱皆为所焚。是时火息,视地中有一窍如栖大,极深,下视之,星在其中,荧荧然。良久渐暗,尚热不可近。又久之,发其窍,深三尺余,乃得一圆石,犹热,其大如拳,一头微锐,色如铁,重亦如之。”这段文字不仅记录了陨石的坠落过程,还描述了其大小质地,为最早的明确可证为石陨石的文献。

英文翻译:

China is the earliest country to record meteorites in the world. "Spring and Autumn" records: "(Lu Xiong) has six ten years, spring, Wang Zhengyue, Wu Shenshuo, meteorites in Song Wu." The Changzhou meteorite in 1064: "In the first year of Zhiping, when Changyu was in Yuyu, the sky was loud like a thunder, but a big star, almost like the moon, seen in the southeast. Sometimes it shook again and again, moving to the southwest. It fell in the Xu Family Garden of the people in Yixing County. It was seen from near and far, the fire was shining brightly, and the Xu family fence was burned. It was time for the fire to breathe. Among them, yingyingran. It fades for a long time and is still inaccessible. And for a long time, it makes its tricks more than three feet deep. As such." This passage not only records the falling process of the meteorite, but also describes its size and texture. It is the earliest document that can be clearly identified as a meteorite.

此枚陨石呈不规则状,通体碧绿光泽,表面晶体颗粒清晰可见,外表散布着不规则的气印和熄灭冷却后凝结的熔壳。且此陨石密度高,硬度高,个头硕大,具有很强的可塑性,具有较高的市场价值和珍藏价值。

英文翻译:

This meteorite is irregular in shape, with a turquoise luster throughout, crystal grains on the surface are clearly visible, and irregular gas marks and melted shells extinguishing after cooling are scattered on the surface. Moreover, the meteorite has high density, high hardness, huge size, strong plasticity, and high market value and precious value.

陨石收藏已经成为热门一类,无论是个人的喜好,还是作为投资目标,众多收藏大家纷纷加入陨石收藏行列,比如国外早有名气的黑格,国内年轻收藏家李泽楷,都已经成为陨石收藏市场的高端收藏群体,随着陨石市场的火爆,藏家选购陨石的标准也水涨船高,比如陨石的种类,品相还是重量,这些都制约了陨石在拍卖市场上的最终价格。此件陨石实为收藏投资之佳品。

英文翻译:

Meteorite collection has become a popular category. Whether it is a personal preference or an investment target, many collectors have joined the meteorite collection, such as the well-known foreign Hege, the young domestic collector Li Zekai, has become the meteorite collection market High-end collectors, with the popularity of the meteorite market, collectors' standards for buying meteorites have also increased, such as the type of meteorites, the appearance or the weight, which restricts the final price of meteorites in the auction market. This meteorite is really a good collection investment.